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Cisplatin/Raltitrexed Effective in Head and Neck Cancer

Cisplatin/Raltitrexed Effective in Head and Neck Cancer

SAN FRANCISCO—Interim analysis of a clinical trial of patients with
inoperable head and neck cancer (locally advanced or metastatic) showed
superior response rates for the combination of cisplatin (Platinol),
raltitrexed (Tomudex, investigational in the United States), levofolinic acid,
and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), compared with cisplatin, methotrexate, levofolinic
acid, and 5-FU.

Phase I and II trials of the raltitrexed combination had shown
"impressive" activity, with a 100% response rate among 15 patients,
said F. Caponigro, MD, National Tumor Institute, Naples, Italy. He presented
the results at the 37th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical
Oncology (ASCO abstract 920) on behalf of the Southern Italy Cooperative
Oncology Group.

In this phase II continuation of those studies, patients with no prior
chemotherapy or radiotherapy received cisplatin 60 mg/m² and raltitrexed 2.5
mg/m² on day 1, levofolinic acid 250 mg/m² (leucovorin would be used in the
United States), and 5-FU 900 mg/m² on day 2 (arm A), or cisplatin 65 mg/m² and
methotrexate 500 mg/m² on day 1, levofolinic acid 250 mg/m² and 5-FU 800
mg/m²
on day 2 (arm B).

Both treatments were repeated every 2 weeks. Evaluation for tumor response
was performed after four cycles.

When 35 patients had been evaluated in each arm, investigators terminated
accrual in arm B after an interim analysis showed significantly better overall
and complete response rates in the raltitrexed arm.

At that point, there were 10 complete responses and 18 partial responses in
arm A for an overall response rate of 80%. In arm B, 3 complete responses and
11 partial responses were observed for an overall response rate of 40%.
Differences were significant at P = .03 and P = .001, respectively.

The main side effect, neutropenia, occurred at the grade 3-4 level in 28
patients on arm A and 32 patients on arm B. Nonhematologic toxicity was mild in
both arms.

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