WASHINGTONAlmost twice as many blacks (45%) smoke as the general
population (25%), but blacks are 34% less successful than others at kicking the
habit. Smoking cessation approaches that work with this population are
A program combining the antidepressant bupropion (Zyban) with counseling,
other emotional support, and incentives such as T-shirts proved successful in a
double-blind randomized trial, said Evan D. Pankey, a student at the University
of Kansas Medical School. He reported the results in a poster presentation at
the 8th Biennial Symposium on Minorities, the Medically Underserved, and
Counseling and rapport with a counselor proved the most important factors in
success. Other social support was also important.
Those who succeeded in quitting viewed the incentives as a boost to their
efforts. Those who failed, however, felt guilty about accepting them during the
process. Worry about gaining weight was a major deterrent to success among
female participants, Mr. Pankey said.