BETHESDA, MdNine organizations that fund cancer research have
agreed to adopt a newly created standardized coding system, which is
designed to make it easier to compare research papers and coordinate
their scientific efforts. No common coding system existed previously.
The Common Scientific Outline (CSO) was initially tested jointly by
the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the US Army Medical Research
and Materiel Command (USAMRMC).
Seven other groups have now announced they will use the CSO as well.
They are the American Cancer Society, Oncology Nursing Society,
California Cancer Research Program, California Breast Cancer Research
Program, Cancer Research Campaign of the United Kingdom, CaPCURE, and
the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation.
Other cancer research funding groups, nationally and internationally,
are expected to adopt the CSO, which is organized around seven broad
areas of interest to cancer scientists: biology; etiology;
prevention; early detection, diagnosis, and prognosis; treatment;
cancer control, survivorship, and outcomes research; and scientific
The CSO helps to lay a framework for better coordination among
research organizations, NCI director Richard D. Klausner, MD,
said in a news release. It puts everybody on the same page as
they evaluate their scientific portfolios, helping to point to areas
of possible collaboration and suggesting areas of duplicated or under
The CSO, which underwent pilot testing jointly by the NCI and the
USAMRMC, is designed for easy accessibility to physicians,
researchers, and members of the general public. NCI is developing a
database organized around the CSO system, which will provide users
with a straightforward way to access and explore
institute-supported research by cancer type and scientific area,
the NCI said. The web-based information center is expected to be
online by years end.