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Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

ASCO 2016 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium

Cancer Network presents exclusive coverage from the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 2016 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium, held January 7–9 in San Francisco. We’ll bring you reports as we cover the latest research, trials, scientific advances, and controversies that are changing the way genitourinary cancers are managed and treated.

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

Treatment with the BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors dasatinib, nilotinib, and ponatinib was associated with increased risk for vascular occlusive events in patients with CML compared with imatinib.

Laboratory studies of mice and human cells found that a protein called Metastasis suppressor 1 (Mtss1) is downregulated in hematopoietic and progenitor cells when chronic myeloid leukemia is present. Mtss1 levels are restored when complete remission is achieved, suggesting the pathway might represent a new therapeutic target.

A laboratory study showed that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonists such as pioglitazone could help treat chronic myeloid leukemia patients who are resistant or otherwise unresponsive to treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

An oncology pharmacist-managed program significantly increased adherence to tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy among patients with chronic myeloid leukemia.

Ponatinib offered a better overall survival for chronic myeloid leukemia patients in chronic phase compared with allogeneic stem cell transplantation.

A case series of three individuals suggests that there may be a causal relationship between chemotherapeutic treatments for germ cell tumors and the subsequent development of chronic myeloid leukemia.

A case study of a 15-year-old CML patient suggests that a reduced intensity conditioning regimen following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation could be a good treatment option for young CML patients. The patient went on to have two pregnancies with no neonatal complications.

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