Laboratory studies of mice and human cells found that a protein called Metastasis suppressor 1 (Mtss1) is downregulated in hematopoietic and progenitor cells when chronic myeloid leukemia is present. Mtss1 levels are restored when complete remission is achieved, suggesting the pathway might represent a new therapeutic target.
A laboratory study showed that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonists such as pioglitazone could help treat chronic myeloid leukemia patients who are resistant or otherwise unresponsive to treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
A case study of a 15-year-old CML patient suggests that a reduced intensity conditioning regimen following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation could be a good treatment option for young CML patients. The patient went on to have two pregnancies with no neonatal complications.