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Genitourinary Cancers

Genitourinary Cancers

This article reviews recent evidence suggesting an increased risk of pneumonia, cardiovascular disease, and acute kidney injury in men treated with ADT and consider whether the incidence of such events differs with the treatment modality.

As a variety of new hormonal agents are increasing survival times for men with metastatic disease, it is becoming increasingly important to consider cardiovascular, renal, and other potentially more serious risks associated with long-term ADT, especially in an aging population.

The problem with large sets of data is the risk of the “GIGO” principle—viz. garbage in, garbage out—and it requires a very careful and thoughtful investigator to rule out the many errors of large-scale data capture.

Group exercise programs can improve the physical and mental well-being of prostate cancer patients, as well as providing emotional and social support.

A small study found that testosterone may suppress the growth of some advanced prostate cancers and could reverse resistance to testosterone-blocking agents.

Older men who received radiotherapy in addition to ADT had fewer deaths from their locally advanced prostate cancer compared with those treated with ADT alone.

While observation may be appropriate for select cases where prognosis is poor, rates of non-treatment are unacceptably high in muscle-invasive bladder cancer.

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