A 3-year-old child was brought to the physician's office after the mother felt a mass in the abdominal area. Imaging revealed the presence of a mass that appeared to be in the right kidney. Surgical resection of the tumor was performed.
C. Nephroblastoma (Wilms' tumor)
Nephroblastoma (Wilms’ tumor) is among the most common pediatric renal neoplasms. The tumor is more commonly diagnosed before 6 years of age.
Wilms’ tumor can be associated with aniridia, genitourinary anomalies, and mental retardation—WAGR syndrome.
The treatment for Wilms’ tumor appears to be surgery and chemotherapy. The prognosis for these patients is good; however, it depends largely on the staging and the histology of the tumor.
1. Zuppan CW, Beckwith JB, Weeks DA, et al. The effect of preoperative therapy on the histologic features of Wilms' tumor. An analysis of cases from the Third National Wilms' Tumor Study. Cancer. 1991;68:385-394. PubMed