Two genome-wide studies have identified a total of 12 new genetic loci associated with a higher risk of testicular cancer. The risk-associated genetic variations could help clinicians single out... More »
Testicular cancer, although an uncommon malignancy, is the most frequently occurring cancer in young men. In the year 2010, an estimated 8,480 cases of testicular cancer will have been diagnosed in... More »
This review addresses the rationale and evidence for—and the challenges, cost implications, and future development of—proton therapy as an important part of the treatment strategy in Hodgkin lymphoma. More »
Oncology and infertilityHendry was the son of an obstetrician and was born and brought up in Nuneaton. He studied medicine at Glasgow University where he met his wife, Chirsty, a nurse. He worked in the United States as a Fulbright scholar for two years before returning to Glasgow to continue his surgical training. When he chose urology as a specialty he moved to Portsmouth, and in 1975 he was appointed consultant at Barts in east London, with sessions at the Royal Marsden cancer hospital and the Chelsea
Many patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) now reach adulthood, at which time the risk of cancer is increased. The aim of this study was to determine cancer risks in nontransplanted and transplanted CF patients.
From 1990 to 2009, we followed 41,188 patients who received care at one of the 250 CF care center programs in the United States and compared the observed number of cancers in nontransplanted and transplanted patients with that expected
The treatment of testicular intraepithelial neoplasia (TIN), the progenitor of testicular germ cell tumours (GCTs), is based on little data.
Patients and methods
Two hundred and twenty-eight GCT patients with contralateral TIN were retrospectively enrolled. Ten had surveillance, 122 radiotherapy to testis with 18–20 Gy, 30 cisplatin-based chemotherapy (two cycles), 51 chemotherapy (three cycles), and 15 carboplatin. The study end point was a malign
There are multiple clinical situations where cryopreservation of sperm is required including sperm banking prior to chemotherapy or radiation treatment for cancer, donor sperm for couples without a male partner, and various etiologies of male factor infertility. Bunge and Sherman presented the first pregnancy resulting from the thawing of cryopreserved sperm in 1953 (Bunge RJ, Nature 172:767-768, 1953). Since that time, cryopreservation techniques have continued to improve. Here, we describe protocols for the cryopreservation and thawing of semen and testicular tissues using a simple liquid nitrogen vapor technique.
Male germ cells in all mammals are arranged within the seminiferous epithelium of the testicular tubules in a set of well-defined cell associations called stages. The cellular associations found in these stages and characteristics of the cells used to identify the stages have been well described. Here we present a binary decision key roadmap for identifying stages and present several examples of how staging tubules can be used to better assess the developmental profile of gene expression during spermatogenesis and defects in spermatogenesis arising in pathological conditions resulting from genetic mutations in mice. In particular, when one or more cells of a cellular association cannot be clearly identified or are missing, the cell types that should be present can be precisely identified by knowledge of the approximate or exact stage of the tubule cross section.
Men around the world will be growing moustaches in the month of November to raise awareness of prostate and testicular cancers, and depression in men with cancer. The global Movember movement gets men talking about their health, combats misinformation and encourages early detection of life-threatening illnesses.