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Testicular Cancer

Post-Surgery Surveillance Found Safe in Seminoma

Surveillance of patients with stage I seminoma following orchiectomy can spare a majority of patients from adjuvant chemotherapy with a low risk of relapse, according to results presented at the 2013 ASCO meeting.

Testicular Cancer

When relapse occurs in patients with germ cell tumors, two salvage treatment paradigms exist: standard-dose chemotherapy, or high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell rescue.

Results of a combined analysis of SWENOTECA studies showed that surveillance remains a good option for patients with stage I seminoma testicular cancer.

The addition of gemcitabine to a cisplatin- and ifosfamide-containing drug regimen resulted in a complete response rate of greater than 50% in patients with relapsed metastatic germ cell tumors, results of a phase II study indicated.

Cisplatin-based chemotherapy has transformed the prognosis of testicular germ cell cancer (GCT). It has converted the chief mortal malignancy in younger men into a model for the curability of cancer.

Germ cell tumors (GCT) are an exemplar of the successful use of chemotherapy and of the successful interplay of phase II and phase III trials. The biggest contributor to cure in metastatic GCT is cisplatin-based chemotherapy, unchallenged after more than 30 years.

A 22-year-old man presented to the emergency department with a 5-cm painful testicular mass that had increased in size over the previous month. Tumor markers were drawn and an inguinal orchiectomy was performed.

At the 2013 ASCO meeting, investigators of a large Danish study have concluded that surveillance alone following surgery for stage I seminoma is sufficient, sparing patients in this setting from the unnecessary expense and associated toxicities of chemotherapy and radiation treatment.

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