A rare occurrence, cancer in the esophagus requires an individualized treatment plan.
María T. Bourlon, MD, MSc
Melanoma of the skin is the 19th most common malignant neoplasm worldwide, with 287,723 new cases estimated for 2018 and metastatic melanoma accounting for 4% of all new cases. In recent years, the prognosis of this stage has undergone a dramatic transformation with the advent of immunotherapy and BRAF/MEK targeted therapy.
A 39-year-old woman with no significant medical history presented to the emergency department with progressive diffuse abdominal pain, involuntary weight loss, anemic syndrome, and limitation of mobility. What is the best treatment course to follow?
A 67-year-old man, a former smoker, presented with gross hematuria. A CT urogram showed a bladder tumor in the anterior wall and multiple enlarged retroperitoneal lymph nodes. Two vertebral metastases were seen on a bone scan. He underwent a transurethral resection of the bladder, and the pathology report revealed muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma.