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Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer

The UK Lung Cancer Screening Trial found that a low-dose CT screening program targeting high-risk individuals can find lung cancer at early stages.

Using a risk-based model for CT lung cancer screening could prevent more deaths and reduce false positives compared with the USPSTF recommendations.

Afatinib resulted in improved progression-free survival compared with gefitinib in treatment-naive non–small-cell lung cancer patients with EGFR mutations.

First-line osimertinib, a targeted therapy against EGFR mutations, was found to be effective in patients with advanced non–small-cell lung cancer, resulting in a 77% overall response rate.

New data indicates that entrectinib has clinical activity in patients with a variety of cancers with gene alterations in NTRK1/2/3, ROS1, or ALK who had never been treated with targeted agents.

The most important marker to test is epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). EGFR is the second most common oncogenic driver in lung cancer, present in 15% of adenocarcinoma cases, but the most common mutation to be actionable with an approved drug.

Droplet digital polymerase chain reaction–based plasma genotyping exhibited perfect specificity in identifying EGFR and KRAS mutations in patients with advanced non–small-cell lung cancer.

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