This is an expertly written summary of the experience with cryotherapy as primary treatment of prostate cancer and the rationale for proceeding toward more limited, organ-sparing approaches with this procedure as focal treatment for low-risk cancers. Growing evidence of overdetection and overtreatment in many men with low-risk tumors has resulted in the recognition that alternatives to conventional treatment strategies are needed. Observation, a laudable and appropriate approach, appeals to relatively few patients.
Peter T. Scardino, MD
The goal of identifying a set of pretreatment risk-stratifying factors for patients with localized prostate cancer is to be able to individualize treatment and optimize patient selection for clinical trials. Low-risk patients are most likely