Despite women with multiple myeloma being more likely to have certain cytogenetic risk factors vs men, sex did not appear to impact efficacy.
Investigators identified that in pivotal clinical trials supporting FDA approvals of CAR T-cell therapies for patients with hematologic cancer, Black patients were significantly underrepresented.
Investigators observed low enrollment of Black patients on CAR T-cell therapy clinical trials that supported FDA decisions in hematologic malignancies, especially in multiple myeloma.
Investigators spoke to the disparities that are present in multiple myeloma and possible causes such as socioeconomic factors.
Findings from an analysis assessing diverse participation in multiple myeloma FDA drug approval trials highlighted a significant deficit of Black and Hispanic patients.
From 2003 to 2016, investigators noted that incidence of multiple myeloma varied by racial and ethnic group, as well as sex.
“The importance of diverse representation cannot be underscored enough and is critical to ensure that safe and effective products are available to the [United States] patient population,” wrote the study authors, who were led by Nicole Gormley, MD.
The first episode of CancerNetwork's podcast Oncology Peer Review On-The-Go explores disparities in cancer care treatment among minorities and the significance of a representative sample in clinical trials.
A study presented at the AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II indicated that Hispanics are diagnosed with blood cancers at a significantly younger age than non-Hispanic white individuals.
The lymphoma and myeloma expert indicated that one of the key ways to address these disparities in lymphoma and myeloma is to improve minority and rural accrual in clinical trials.