Alan B. Astrow, MD | Authors

The Timing of Breast Cancer Surgery During the Menstrual Cycle

October 01, 1997

Contemporary breast cancer treatment research has focused on systemic postoperative adjuvant treatment and the elimination of established micrometastases. An alternative approach addresses the potential for seeding at the time of primary surgery. Several retrospective reports have suggested that the hormonal milieu during lumpectomy or mastectomy impacts on the likelihood of tumor cell shedding and implantation at distant sites.