Author | Chandra P. Belani, MD


Carboplatin/Gemcitabine Combination in Advanced NSCLC

July 01, 2004

The treatment of advanced non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC)has evolved rapidly over the past few years. Systemic chemotherapy isassociated with both quality of life and modest survival benefit for patientswith advanced NSCLC. Platinum-based doublet combinationsare the “standard of care.” The US Food and Drug Administration(FDA) has approved gemcitabine (Gemzar), a pyrimidine analog, to beused in combination with cisplatin for the treatment of advanced NSCLCin the first-line setting. Randomized clinical trials have established comparableefficacy with improved therapeutic index for the carboplatin/gemcitabine regimen when compared with cisplatin/gemcitabine andother platinum doublets. Nonhematologic toxicities occur at a lowerfrequency with carboplatin/gemcitabine combinations compared withother “standard” platinum-based doublets, whereas dose-limitingthrombocytopenia, the most common toxicity, rarely requires therapeuticintervention. Both the 3- and 4-week schedules of carboplatin/gemcitabine result in similar efficacy and toxicity profiles, but the3-week regimen is preferred. The combination of carboplatin andgemcitabine is an effective regimen with an acceptable toxicity profilefor the treatment of advanced NSCLC. This regimen can also be usedas a foundation for the development of innovative combinations withmolecularly targeted agents.

Textbook of Lung Cancer

June 01, 2002

Lung cancer is a global problem fueled by the continuous use of tobacco in most countries, despite efforts at expanding smoking cessation programs. Several advances in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer were achieved in the past decade. This progress notwithstanding, most lung cancer patients succumb to their illness, and few enjoy long-term survival.

Paclitaxel and Carboplatin With Thoracic Radiation: Locally Advanced Non–Small-Cell Lung Cancer

September 01, 1999

Combined-modality approaches integrating carboplatin (Paraplatin) and low doses of weekly paclitaxel (Taxol) with thoracic radiation therapy for prolonging survival in patients with locally advanced non–small-cell lung cancer

Paclitaxel/Carboplatin in the Treatment of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

January 02, 1998

Chemotherapeutic intervention in advanced and metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has changed over the past 2 decades. The improvements offered by cisplatin (Platinol)-based regimens, though significant in