Cynthia Gail Leichman, MD | Authors

Hypersensitivity Reactions to Oxaliplatin: Incidence and Management

November 01, 2004

Oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a novel platinum compound that has activityin a wide variety of tumors. Several hypersensitivity reactions distinctfrom laryngopharyngeal dysesthesia have been described. We retrospectivelyanalyzed 169 consecutive patients who received oxaliplatinfor esophageal or colorectal cancer between 1/1/00 and 7/31/02 andreviewed any significant adverse reactions labeled as hypersensitivityreactions. Thirty-two patients (19%) reportedly experienced hypersensitivity.Skin rash was the most common event (22 patients), occurringafter a median of three infusions. Fever was seen in five patients aftera median of two infusions. Five patients experienced respiratory symptomsat median infusion number 6. Ocular symptoms of lacrimationand blurring of vision were seen in two patients. Five patients experiencedmore than one type of reaction. Treatments prescribed forhypersensitivity were antihistamines, steroids, and topical emollients.One patient developed grade 4 hypersensitivity during cycle 6, characterizedby laryngeal edema, tongue swelling, and labored breathing.This patient underwent a desensitization procedure, adapted from guidelinesfor carboplatin (Paraplatin) allergy. Subsequently, three cycleswere administered over 6 hours and were well tolerated. However,during the fourth infusion postdesensitization, the patient developedrecurrent signs of hypersensitivity. In conclusion, hypersensitivity isfrequently seen with oxaliplatin, but most reactions are mild.

Cancers of the Gallbladder and Biliary Ducts

July 01, 2002

Drs. Yee and colleagues have done an excellent job of surveying the treatment of gallbladder cancer and cholangiocarcinomas. These relatively uncommon tumors are among the more difficult encountered by surgical, medical, and radiation oncologists, as evidenced by the lack of new therapies or change in prognosis over the past several decades.

Schedule Dependency of 5-Fluorouracil

July 01, 1999

5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is cell-cycle specific for its cytotoxicity and has a pharmacokinetic profile characterized by a short, single-dose half-life of 10 to 20 minutes in plasma. Efforts to maximize its clinical efficacy have been

Thymidylate Synthase as a Predictor of Response

August 01, 1998

It has been hypothesized that intratumoral thymidylate synthase (TS) gene expression might be used to select therapy for patients with disseminated colorectal cancer. We recently