Author | Fadlo R. Khuri, MD


Lung Cancer in the Elderly: What’s Age Got to Do With It?

November 15, 2010

The review by Dr. Chiappori and colleagues in this issue of ONCOLOGY addresses an important challenge relating to the optimal management of elderly patients with lung cancer. The authors provide an excellent overview of the data in patients with various stages of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). They also highlight the limitations of the existing data in the management of elderly NSCLC patients.

Through the Looking Glass: The Evolution of Erythropoiesis-Stimulating Agent Use

March 22, 2010

The perception and reality of the clinical value of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) in cancer supportive care have undergone a dramatic transformation since their initial use in 1990. The perception of ESA value in patients has evolved from panacea to miscreant over a 2-decade period of laboratory research, clinical trial data, and postmarketing experience. Meanwhile, the real clinical benefits of ESAs have changed very little from those described in the joint American Society of Clinical Oncology/American Society of Hematology guidelines originally published in 2002.[1] Even then, the value of initiation of ESAs was clear only in patients with hemoglobin values < 10 g/dL; quality-of-life measures produced inconsistent and, therefore, clinically inapplicable, results; and ESA use was shown to reduce the proportion of patients requiring red blood cell (RBC) transfusions by approximately 20%. The reality of ESA use that came to light following approval was increased mortality rates in certain populations, higher tumor progression and cancer recurrence rates, and more frequent and severe serious adverse effects including thromboembolism, stroke, and cardiovascular events.

Cancer Management Chapter 3: Non–small-cell lung cancer

March 08, 2010

Lung cancer has been the leading cause of cancer death among men in the United States for years, and since 1988, it has become the number-one cause of cancer death among women. An estimated 219,440 new cases of lung cancer are expected in 2009, and 159,390 deaths due to this disease are expected to occur, roughly 30% of all cancer deaths. This exceeds the combined number of deaths from the leading causes of cancer (breast, prostate, and colon cancers). It accounts for 6% of all deaths in the United States.

Preoperative Therapy for Early-Stage NSCLC: Opportunities and Challenges

September 14, 2009

The treatment of early-stage non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has undergone a paradigm shift recently with the addition of systemic therapy to local therapy. The use of cisplatin-based chemotherapy following surgery is now a standard approach for patients with stage II–IIIA disease.