Commentary (Grossman): Age-Specific Reference Ranges for PSA in the Detection of Prostate Cancer
April 01, 1997
Dr. DeAntoni has carefully reviewed the literature on age-specific reference ranges for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the diagnosis of prostate cancer and the controversy surrounding their use. Key to understanding of this debate are two fundamental concepts: (1) the definition of "clinically significant prostate cancer" and (2) the use of sensitivity and specificity, which is frequently obscured by the surrounding rhetoric. The assumption that all readers uniformly interpret the meaning of clinically significant prostate cancer and wish to achieve the same results by manipulating sensitivity and specificity is probably incorrect.