James G. Jakowatz, MD | Authors

Docetaxel and Vinorelbine Plus GM-CSF in Malignant Melanoma

April 02, 2005

Patients having locoregional or metastatic melanoma have a poorprognosis, with 50% to 100% of patients dying from the disease within5 years. Current chemotherapy regimens offer limited benefits to thesepatients, and more effective and less toxic treatments are needed. Wetherefore piloted a study of docetaxel (Taxotere), vinorelbine(Navelbine), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor(GM-CSF, sargramostim [Leukine]), or the DVS regimen, in patientswith stage IV melanoma. Eight patients were treated after previousbiochemotherapy and two patients were given the regimen as an initialtreatment. The DVS regimen consisted of docetaxel at 40 mg/m2 IVover 1 hour, vinorelbine at 30 mg/m2 IV over 6 to 10 minutes every 14days, and GM-CSF at 250 mg/m2 SC on days 2 to 12. No grade 3 or 4toxicities were encountered. Of the 10 patients evaluable for response, 5were partial responders (50% response rate). Time to progression for the10 cases ranged from 2 to 26+ months (median: 8 months). The DVSregimen was active against advanced melanoma in both previously treatedand untreated patients. A larger study to confirm the activity of the DVSregimen for stage IV melanoma is currently under way.