Joe B. Putnam, Jr, MD, FACS | Authors

Hartford Healthcare

Articles

Resection of Pulmonary Metastases: a Mechanical Solution for a Biological Problem

November 15, 2011

Isolated pulmonary metastases (PM) represent a unique manifestation of the myriad presentations of systemic spread from a primary neoplasm.

Commentary (Putnam): Primary Combined-Modality Therapy for Esophageal Cancer

April 17, 2006

Based on positive results from the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 85-01 trial, the conventional nonsurgical treatment of esophageal carcinoma is combined-modality therapy. Dose intensification of the RTOG 85-01 regimen, examined in the Intergroup (INT)-0123/RTOG 94-05 trial, did not improve local control or survival. Areas of clinical investigation include the development of combined-modality therapy regimens with newer systemic agents, the use of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography to assist in the development of innovative radiation treatment planning techniques, and the identification of prognostic molecular markers. The addition of surgery following primary combined-modality therapy apparently does not improve survival, but this finding is controversial.

Evaluating the Role of Serine Protease Inhibition in the Management of Tumor Micrometastases

October 01, 2003

Management of patients with neoplastic disease has shifted from searchand-destroy approaches employing radical surgery, chemotherapy,and radiotherapy to novel strategies that target specific molecular orgenetic characteristics or modify growth factors, angiogenesis, and cell-cell interactions.Attention has also been focused on modifying the production and function ofcertain enzymes pivotal to the genesis of disseminated disease.

Evaluating the Role of Serine Protease Inhibition in the Management of Tumor Micrometastases

October 01, 2003

Conservation of blood is apriority during surgery, owingto shortages of donor bloodand risks associated with transfusionof blood products.[9,10] However,blood transfusions have been linkedto a number of negative postoperativesequelae, including poorer prognosisafter cardiac and cancer surgery.[11-21] In this context, recognition thatallogeneic transfusion-associatedimmunomodulation can increasemorbidity in allogeneically transfusedpatients has become a major concernin transfusion medicine.[9,22,23]

Irinotecan/Cisplatin Followed by 5-FU/ Paclitaxel/Radiotherapy and Surgery in Esophageal Cancer

September 01, 2003

Local-regional carcinoma of the esophagus is often diagnosed inadvanced stages because the diagnosis is established when symptomsare severe. The prognosis of patients with local-regional carcinoma ofthe esophagus continues to be grim. While preoperative chemoradiotherapyincreases the fraction of patients who achieve pathologiccomplete response, that percentage is approximately 25%. In an attemptto increase the number of patients with either no cancer in the surgicalspecimen or only microscopic cancer, we adopted a three-step strategy.The current study utilized up to two 6-week cycles of induction chemotherapywith irinotecan (CPT-11, Camptosar) and cisplatin as step 1.This was followed by concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy withcontinuous infusion fluorouracil (5-FU) and paclitaxel as step 2. Oncethe patients recovered from chemoradiotherapy, a preoperative evaluationwas performed and surgery was attempted. All patients signed aninformed consent prior to their participation on the study. A total of 43patients were enrolled. The baseline endoscopic ultrasonography revealedthat 36 patients had a T3 tumor, five patients had a T2 tumor, andtwo had a T1 tumor. Twenty-seven patients had node-positive cancer(N1). Thirty-nine (91%) of the 43 patients underwent surgery; all hadan R0 (curative) resection. A pathologic complete response was noted in12 of the 39 patients. In addition, 17 patients had only microscopic(< 10%) viable cancer in the specimen. Therefore, a significant pathologicresponse was seen in 29 (74%) of 39 taken to surgery or 29 (67%)of all 43 patients enrolled on the study. With a median follow up beyond25 months, 20 patients remain alive and 12 patients remain free ofcancer. Our preliminary data suggest that the proportion of patientswith significant pathologic response can be increased by using thethree-step strategy.