John J. Kavanagh, MD | Authors

Tumors of the Uterine Corpus

April 14, 2007

Carcinoma of the endometrium is the most common female pelvic malignancy and the fourth most common cancer in females, after breast, bowel, and lung carcinomas. In 1995, an estimated 32,800 new cases of endometrial carcinoma and 5,900 related deaths will occur in the United States [1]. The relatively low mortality for this cancer is probably due to the fact that in 80% of cases, the disease is diagnosed when it is confined to the uterus.

Gestational Trophoblastic Tumors

April 01, 2005

Gestational trophoblastic tumors (GTTs) encompass a spectrum of neoplastic disorders that arise from placental trophoblastic tissue after abnormal fertilization. GTTs are classified histologically into four distinct groups: hydatidiform mole (complete and partial), chorioadenoma destruens (invasive mole), choriocarcinoma, and placental site tumor [1,2].

Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix

April 01, 2005

Over the past four decades, the incidence and mortality rates for uterine cervical carcinoma have decreased in the United States by as much as 70% to 75% [1]. This improvement is among the largest seen for any cancer site and has been attributed to the use of cervical cytologic screening [2].

Commentary (Kavanagh): Sentinel Node Evaluation in Gynecologic Cancer

January 01, 2004

By a long-standing strategy,practitioners have sought tolessen the morbidity associatedwith the treatment of pelvic malignancies.With careful understandingof pathologic prognostic factors andthe natural histories of recurrence andmetastatic disease, as well as improvementof imaging studies, there hasbeen a significant reduction in the radicalityof gynecologic surgery.[1-3]

Docetaxel in the Treatment of Ovarian Cancer

June 01, 2002

Docetaxel (Taxotere) has extended the armamentarium of agents with significant activity in the treatment of ovarian cancer. As a single agent in advanced ovarian cancer patients previously treated with a platinum agent, docetaxel at 100 mg/m² every 3 weeks yields a 30% overall response rate and a 6-month duration of response.

Irinotecan in Cervical Cancer

August 01, 1998

Several studies have evaluated the use of irinotecan (CPT-11 [Camptosar]), a topoisomerase inhibitor, in the treatment of refractory or recurrent cervical cancer. Various schedules have been used. Response rates have