May 1st 2000
Improvements in outcome following treatment for acute leukemia have derived from various sources: the introduction of new chemotherapeutic agents; the development of effective drug combinations; the use of multistage approaches to induction consolidation, and maintenance therapy to optimize durable control; and advances in supportive care to reduce treatment-related mortality. Certainly, infectious morbidity and mortality have plagued effective antileukemic therapy for many years. As a result, control of infectious complications has been an important area of clinical study. Through the concerted efforts of many clinical investigators, progress has occurred, and, today, infectious mortality is an infrequent complication of antileukemic therapy.