The Evolving Role of Cytoreductive Surgery for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma
May 01, 2003
Drs. Uzair Chaudhary and GeraldHull provide a comprehensivereview of the role ofcytoreductive surgery in metastaticrenal cell carcinoma. This controversialtopic has been debated for manyyears. Metastatic renal cell carcinomacontinues to be a chemotherapyresistanttumor with a poor prognosis.About 30% of newly diagnosedpatients present with metastatic disease.In the metastatic setting, themost recognized treatment modalitiesinvolve the biologic agents interferon-alpha and interleukin-2 (IL-2,Proleukin). They produce an objectiveresponse rate of about 10% to15%, with approximately 5% of patientsachieving a durable completeresponse.