January 1st 1995
Endoscopically guided percutaneous gastrostomy tube placement was developed in 1980 by Jeffrey Ponsky .In the ensuing years, this procedure has evolved rapidly. The procedure began with a homemade kit consisting of urinary and intravenous catheters. Now the endoscopist has a choice of three different techniques and a host of commercially available kits from which to choose . By 1989, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy became the preferred method of gastrostomy (over surgery), and presently is the second most common indication for EGD (esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy) in hospitalized patients in the United States (the most common indication is upper gastrointestinal bleeding). The long-term complication rate is extremely low [3,4], and both patients and nurses alike prefer percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy to nasogastric tubes .