Minesh P. Mehta, MD | Authors

Brain Metastases: The Changing Landscape

April 15, 2015

It is time to put aside the pessimism of the past when it comes to brain metastases and embrace the wide array of clinical investigational opportunities arising in this field.

Recent Advances in the Management of Brain Metastases in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

October 01, 2007

Lung cancer is one of the most common and deadly malignancies in the United States, with an estimated 213,380 new cases in 2007 and an estimated 160,390 deaths in 2007. Approximately 85% of these patients will be diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and only 10%-20% will have potentially curable disease.

Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Brain Metastases

October 01, 1999

Worldwide, approximately 100,000 patients have undergone stereotactic radiosurgery for a variety of intracranial lesions, of which brain metastases represent the most common treatment indication. This article summarizes the major issues surrounding the management of brain metastases, and also analyzes 21 independent reports of Gamma Knife– or linear accelerator–based radiosurgery, representing over 1,700 patients and more than 2,700 lesions. Variable reporting in the studies precludes a definitive, rigorous analysis, but the composite data reveal an average local control rate of 83% and median survival of 9.6 months, both of which are comparable to results in recent surgical reports. The most important prognostic factors for survival appear to be fewer than three lesions, controlled extracranial disease, and Karnofsky performance score (KPS). The exact impact of dose has not been clarified, but a dose-response relationship, especially for ³ 18 Gy, is emerging. The role of whole-brain radiotherapy remains unresolved. It may enhance local control but does not convincingly improve survival and, in some series, is associated with an increased risk of late complications. Chronic steroid dependence and increased intracranial edema do not appear to be common problems. This is an opportune time for the completion of ongoing randomized trials to validate these observations. [ONCOLOGY 13(10):1397-1409,1999]