ONCOLOGY Vol 27 No 6 | Oncology

Physical Activity Across the Cancer Continuum

June 15, 2013

In our commentary, we will address ways to consider this research across the cancer continuum, with a focus on the cancer survivor, highlighting some of the challenges in interpreting the research evidence for translation into clinical practice and noting some research gaps.

Exercise After Cancer Diagnosis: Time to Get Moving

June 15, 2013

Exercise and physical activity are beneficial along the spectrum of care in cancer patients. However, much more research is needed to better understand this association and guide recommendations for patients.

The Role of Physical Activity in Cancer Prevention, Treatment, Recovery, and Survivorship

June 15, 2013

This article will review these intersections of exercise and oncology, discuss the known mechanisms by which exercise exerts its salutary effects, and touch upon the future directions of exercise research in the oncology setting. Finally, recommendations are provided for clinicians to help patients with and without cancer take advantage of the benefits of physical activity.

HE4-Another Marker for Gynecologic Cancers: Do We Really Need One?

June 15, 2013

The data on HE4 as a prognosticator in both ovarian and endometrial cancer constitute, at most, an interesting observation, but most likely they are simply a reflection of total tumor burden. There are certainly not enough data to justify making major treatment decisions in ovarian or endometrial cancer on the basis of absolute marker levels. Proteomics and genomics seem more likely to make a difference in this area.

HE4: Another ‘Player’ in the Epithelial Tumor Marker Arena?

June 15, 2013

While a prominent role for HE4 in these areas remains to be determined, this thorough review of HE4 demonstrates that the biomarker is complementary to, and occasionally more useful than, the widely used CA 125 in the management of gynecologic malignancies.

Fertility Preservation in Women With Breast Cancer: Challenges and Opportunities

June 15, 2013

Collaboration between oncologists and reproductive endocrinologists/infertility specialists not only will improve patient care, but it also will facilitate advances in the field through cooperative research and education.

Addressing Fertility Concerns in Women Diagnosed With Breast Cancer: Will Serial Reserve Screening Help?

June 15, 2013

Counseling a woman with breast cancer regarding fertility ideally attempts to align two goals-one for the patient and her disease, and one for the chance of a future child. Early collaboration with a reproductive specialist should enhance discussion of the most practically available fertility-promoting options.

Fertility Preservation and Breast Cancer: A Complex Problem

June 15, 2013

A considerable number of women with breast cancer are diagnosed during their reproductive years. In the short period of time in which newly diagnosed women will need to make decisions about surgical options and adjuvant therapy, younger women with breast cancer also face the potential impairment or complete loss of their fertility.

Metaplastic Mammary Carcinoma With Discrepant Hormone Receptor Results by IHC and RT-PCR

June 15, 2013

The Case: A 48-year-old perimenopausal woman noted a lump in her left breast. She had had a mammogram 9 months earlier without abnormality. After ultrasound imaging confirmed a solitary mass measuring about 1.5 cm, a core needle biopsy demonstrated a poorly differentiated mammary carcinoma with chondroid features.

Active Surveillance Not Only Reduces Morbidity, It Saves Lives

June 15, 2013

The concept of active surveillance is based on the observation that Gleason 6 (pattern 3) prostate cancer is an indolent condition that poses little or no threat to the patient’s life. Conservative management is thus appropriate for these patients.

Molecular Classification of Diffuse Gliomas

June 15, 2013

Significant progress has been made in defining molecular signatures in diffuse gliomas. The clinically significant genetic alterations identified to date probably represent the tip of the iceberg, since new, potentially significant biomarkers are continuously described.

Tailored Therapy in Diffuse Gliomas: Using Molecular Classifiers to Optimize Clinical Management

June 15, 2013

We review the current data regarding the prognostic and predictive value of IDH mutation and 1p/19q codeletion in gliomas. We also discuss possible management algorithms using these biomarkers to tailor surgical and adjuvant therapy for specific diffuse gliomas.