Lenvatinib Combo Yields Robust, Enduring Responses in Endometrial Cancer

Article

Patients with advanced endometrial cancer experience early responses to lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab in both patients who were mismatch repair proficient and all-comers.

Treatment with lenvatinib (Lenvima) plus pembrolizumab (Keytruda) resulted in deep, sustained responses in most patients with advanced endometrial cancer, according to data from the phase 3 Study 309/KEYNOTE-775 (NCT03517449) presented at The Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) 2023 Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer.

Lenvatinib Combo Yields Robust, Enduring Responses in Endometrial Cancer | Image Credit: © freshidea - stock.adobe.com.

In the primary analysis of the phase 3 Study 309/KEYNOTE-775, investigators identified statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvements in efficacy following treatment with the combination in patients with previously treated disease vs chemotherapy.

In the all-comer population, the overall response rate (ORR) was 33.8% (95% CI, 29.3%-38.6%), which included a complete response (CR) rate of 7.5% (95% CI, 5.2%-10.5%) and a partial response rate of 26.3% (95% CI, 22.1%-30.8%); investigators confirmed a total of 33.8% of responses.

The median time to response (TTR) was 2.1 months (range, 1.5-23.0), and the median duration of response (DOR) was 12.9 months. Extended responses occurred in 73.7%, 51.8%, and 39.5% of patients at the 6 months or more, 12 months or more, and 24 months or more timepoints, respectively. Moreover, 76.3% of patients had a 50% or more reduction in tumor diameter, and 43.2% had a 75% or more reduction.

In patients who were mismatch repair proficient (pMMR), the ORR was 32.4% (95% CI, 27.5%-37.6%) and included a CR rate of 5.8% (95% CI, 3.6%-8.8%) and a PR rate of 26.6% (95% CI, 22.0%-31.6%). Moreover, 32.4% of responses were confirmed.

The median TTR was 2.1 months (range, 1.5-23.0), and the median DOR was 9.3 months. Extended response at 6 months or more, 12 months or more, and 24 months or more, occurred in 68.9%, 44.1%, and 31.4% of patients, respectively. Additionally, 71.4% and 42.0% of patients had tumor diameter reductions of 50% or more and 75% or more, respectively.

In the trial's primary analysis, investigators identified statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvements in efficacy following treatment with the combination in patients with previously treated disease vs chemotherapy. Moreover, the final overall survival (OS) analysis identified treatment-emergent adverse effects (TEAEs) in 99.8% of all-comers who received lenvatinib and pembrolizumab, with 90.1% of patients having grade 3 or higher TEAEs.

At the meeting, investigators also presented a poster with additional tumor response analyses for the experimental arm.

The study included patients with advanced endometrial cancer who received at least 1 previous platinum-based chemotherapy regimen. Patients also needed to have measurable disease by blinded independent central review, have an ECOG performance status of 0 or 1, and have tissue available for MMR testing. Investigators stratified patients based on region, ECOG performance status, and history of pelvic radiation.

Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive 20 mg of oral lenvatinib daily plus 200 mg of pembrolizumab intravenously once every 3 weeks or 60 mg/m2 of doxorubicin once every 3 weeks or 80 mg/m2 of paclitaxel weekly using a 3 weeks on, 1 week off schedule.

Primary end points included OS and progression-free survival (PFS), and key secondary end points were ORR, health-related quality of life, pharmacokinetics, and safety. The trial also had DOR as an exploratory end point.

The exploratory analysis focused on further assessing treatment duration and efficacy as well as safety in patients receiving lenvatinib and pembrolizumab with CR or PR as a best response. Among patients who received the combination regimen (n = 411), 346 had pMMR disease.

In terms of responses based on baseline patient characteristics, ORR was comparable regardless of endometrioid and non-endometrioid histology in both the pMMR (32.3% and 32.5%) and all-comer populations (34.8% and 32.3%). Comparable responses also occurred in patients who received 1 vs 2 prior lines of therapy in both the pMMR (32.2% and 33.3%) and all-comer groups (33.2% and 35.6%).

However, patients with 3 or more lines of therapy had slightly lower ORRs in the pMMR (20.0%) and all-comer arms (27.3%), although it's worth noting that this population included 10 patients with pMMR disease and 11 all-comers.

In patients who responded to treatment, the median PFS was 13.8 months (95% CI, 11.6-18.4) in those who had pMMR disease and 16.7 months (95% CI, 13.0-21.2) in all-comers. Additionally, the median OS was 31.1 months (95% CI, 25.8-not estimable [NE]) vs NE (95% CI, 31.0-NE) in those who responded in the pMMR and all-comer populations, respectively.

Reference

Makker V, Lorusso D, Moore R, et al. Characterization of tumor response with lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab in study 309/KEYNOTE-775. Presented at: 2023 Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer; March 25-28; Tampa, Florida.

Recent Videos
Although no responses were observed in 11 patients receiving abemaciclib monotherapy, combination therapies with abemaciclib may offer clinical benefit.
Findings show no difference in overall survival between various treatments for metastatic RCC previously managed with immunotherapy and TKIs.
An epigenomic profiling approach may help pick up the entire tumor burden, thereby assisting with detecting sarcomatoid features in those with RCC.
Future meetings may address how immunotherapy, bispecific agents, and CAR T-cell therapies can further impact the AML treatment paradigm.
Treatment with revumenib appeared to demonstrate efficacy among patients with KMT2A-rearranged acute leukemia in the phase 2 AUGMENT-101 study.
Advocacy groups such as Cancer Support Community and the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society may help support patients with CML undergoing treatment.
Paolo Tarantino, MD, discusses the potential utility of agents such as datopotamab deruxtecan and enfortumab vedotin in patients with breast cancer.
Paolo Tarantino, MD, highlights strategies related to screening and multidisciplinary collaboration for managing ILD in patients who receive T-DXd.
Data from the REVEAL study affirm elevated white blood cell counts and higher variant allele frequency as risk factors for progression in polycythemia vera.
Additional analyses of patient-reported outcomes and MRD status in the QuANTUM-First trial are also ongoing, says Harry P. Erba, MD, PhD.
Related Content