Tovorafenib Yields ‘Encouraging’ Responses in Recurrent/Progressive Pediatric Glioma


Data from the phase 2 FIREFLY-1 trial indicated that tovorafenib yielded responses among pretreated patients with recurrent or progressive pediatric low-grade glioma.

Tovorafenib (DAY101) monotherapy produced encouraging responses in pretreated patients with recurrent or progressive pediatric low-grade glioma (pLGG), according to a press release on topline results from the phase 2 FIREFLY-1 trial (NCT04775485).1

In 69 Response Assessment for Neuro-Oncology (RANO)-evaluable patients as assessed by blinded independent central review, tovorafenib demonstrated an overall response rate (ORR) of 64% and a clinical benefit rate (CBR) of 91%. Of the observed responses, 4% (n = 3) of patients had confirmed complete responses, 59% (n = 41) had partial responses, and 28% (n = 19) had stable disease. Of the observed partial responses, 31 were confirmed and 10 were unconfirmed.

“The responses we’ve observed in the FIREFLY-1 study with weekly monotherapy tovorafenib in children with recurrent or progressive low-grade gliomas are very encouraging,” Samuel Blackman, MD, PhD, co-founder and chief medical officer at Day One, said in the press release.

Investigators of the FIREFLY-1 trial are evaluating tovorafenib as monotherapy administered once a week in patients aged 6 months to 25 years with recurrent or progressive pLGG. Patients either received 100 mg of tovorafenib as an immediate-release tablet or 25 mg/mL of the agent as a powder for reconstitution.

The primary end point of the FIREFLY-1 trial was ORR. Key secondary end points included pharmacokinetics, progression-free survival, duration of response, time to response, CBR, and safety and tolerability.

Patients with recurrent or progressive pLGG and a documented BRAF alteration were eligible to enroll on the study. Additional inclusion criteria included having received at least 1 prior line of systemic therapy with evidence of radiographic progression and at least 1 measurable lesion per RANO or RECIST v1.1 criteria.

Among the RANO-evaluable patients, 86% (n = 59) had a BRAF fusion alteration that could not be treated with any approved systemic therapies, and 14% (n = 10) had a BRAF mutation. Of 77 treated patients, the median line of prior systemic therapies was 3 (range, 1-9), the median duration of tovorafenib monotherapy was 8.4 months, and 77% (n = 59) of patients were on treatment at the time of the data cutoff. Moreover, 60% (n = 46) of patients received at least 1 prior mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor.

Trial investigators reported that tovorafenib was generally well-tolerated among patients. The most common treatment-related adverse effects included change in hair color (75%), increased creatine phosphokinase (64%), anemia (46%), fatigue (42%), and maculopapular rash (42%).

“Based on the efficacy and safety profile of tovorafenib observed to date from the FIREFLY-1 trial population, we plan to submit a new drug application in the first half of this year that will include additional follow up from the full study population.,” Jeremy Bender, PhD, chief executive officer at Day One, concluded.

Previously, the FDA granted a rare pediatric disease designation to tovorafenib for the treatment of pediatric low-grade pLGG in July 2021.2 The designation was supported by data from the FIREFLY-1 trial.


  1. Day One announces topline data from pivotal phase 2 FIREFLY-1 trial demonstrating meaningful responses with tovorafenib (DAY101) in recurrent or progressive pediatric low-grade glioma. News release. Day One Pharmaceuticals. January 8, 2023. Accessed January 9, 2023.
  2. Day One receives FDA rare pediatric disease designation for DAY101 for the treatment of pediatric low-grad glioma. News Release. Day One Pharmaceuticals. July 27, 2021. Accessed January 9, 2023.
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