Barry D. Anderson, MD, PhD | Authors

Current Clinical Trials of Molecularly Targeted Agents in Children With Cancer, Part 2

April 01, 2002

A number of molecularly targeted agents directed at critical cell survival and cell proliferation pathways have recently entered clinical evaluation in children with cancer. These agents offer the potential for more effective anticancer therapy while simultaneously diminishing acute and long-term toxic effects. Systematic evaluations of targeted agents are essential to achieving continued improvements in outcome for children with cancer. Brief summaries of the rationale for conducting studies of several agents in children are provided below. Following these summaries is a listing of phase I, phase I/II, phase II, and pilot studies of these and other agents in pediatric populations.

Current Clinical Trials in Neuroblastoma

January 01, 2002

Neuroblastoma is a pediatric malignant tumor of the postganglionic sympathetic nervous system that usually develops in the adrenal gland or in nonadrenal abdominal or thoracic sites.[1] It is the most common malignancy in infants and the most common extracranial solid tumor of childhood, with approximately 650 cases diagnosed annually in the United States.[2] The dramatic age-related survival differences among neuroblastoma patients with a similar tumor stage emphasize the heterogeneity of neuroblastoma pathobiology. Early research efforts to understand the pathobiology of neuroblastoma[3-5] and the significant progress made in neuroblastoma molecular biology[6] have informed the clinical treatment of neuroblastoma.