John J. Wright, MD, PhD | Authors

Current Clinical Trials of R115777 (Zarnestra)

July 01, 2002

R115777 (Zarnestra) is an orally available methylquinolone derivative from Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development L.L.C. that is a potent and selective nonpeptidomimetic farnesyltransferase inhibitor (FTI).[1] FTIs represent a new class of agents that were originally developed to inhibit tumors by interfering with posttranslational processing of oncogenic Ras protein. The anticancer activity of FTIs might stem from their ability to effect various proteins other than Ras that can also mediate signal transduction, apoptosis, angiogenesis, and growth.[2]

Current Clinical Trials of Molecularly Targeted Agents in Children With Cancer

March 01, 2002

A number of molecularly targeted agents directed at critical pathways involved in cell survival and cell proliferation have recently entered clinical evaluation in children with cancer. These agents offer the potential for more effective anticancer therapy while diminishing acute and long-term toxic effects. Systematic evaluations of agents such as these are essential if continuing improvements in outcome are to be achieved in children with cancer. Brief summaries of the rationale for conducting studies of several agents in children are provided below. Following these summaries is a listing of phase I, phase I/II, phase II, and pilot studies of these agents in pediatric populations