Mace L. Rothenberg, MD | Authors

Commentary (Crispens/Rothenberg): Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Inhibitors for the Treatment of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

April 01, 2005

Ovarian cancer is the deadliestof the gynecologic malignancies.Approximately threequartersof patients present with advanced-stage disease. With aggressivecytoreductive surgery followed byplatinum-based chemotherapy, mostpatients will achieve remission. Despitethis initially good response totreatment, most patients experiencerecurrence and ultimately die of theirdisease. Novel treatment strategies areneeded. Molecularly targeted therapiesoffer the promise of improvedefficacy with decreased toxicity. Inthis article, Drs. Stephanie Blank, RichardChang, and Franco Muggiapresent an excellent summary of thecurrent status of epidermal growth factorreceptor (EGFR) inhibitors in thetreatment of ovarian cancer. They describethe promise of these drugs aswell as some of the questions regardingthe best way to integrate theminto therapy for ovarian cancer.

Commentary (Yamao/Rothenberg): Coming to Grips With Hand-Foot Syndrome

August 01, 2004

Worldwide, oral fluoropyrimidineshave become attractiveoptions in the treatmentof patients with colorectal cancer.Capecitabine (Xeloda), the only commerciallyavailable oral fluorouracil(5-FU) analog in the United States,was rationally designed to provideprolonged exposure to 5-FU and togenerate 5-FU preferentially withintumor tissue.Capecitabine is absorbedunchanged through the gastrointestinalwall and is converted to 5-FU viaa three-step enzymatic cascade. It isfirst hydrolyzed in the liver by carboxylesteraseto 5'-deoxy-5-fluorocytidine(5'-DFCR). The next stepoccurs in the liver and tumor tissue,where cytidine deaminase converts5'-DFCR to 5'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine(5'-DFUR). Finally, 5'-DFUR isconverted to 5-FU by thymidinephosphorylase, which is preferentiallyexpressed in tumors

Chemotherapy for Resectable and Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

October 01, 2001

This article will review the pertinent data on the use of chemotherapy for all stages of pancreatic cancer. For patients with metastatic disease, fluorouracil (5-FU) was the standard of care for several decades until a single

Efficacy of Oxaliplatin in the Treatment of Colorectal Cancer

December 01, 2000

Colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death. The mainstay of chemotherapy in colorectal cancer patients for the past 40 years has been fluorouracil (5-FU). Oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a novel platinum compound with promising activity in colorectal cancer. As a single agent, oxaliplatin has produced response rates of 12% to 24% in patients with previously untreated advanced colorectal cancer, and 10% to 11% in patients with relapsed or refractory advanced colorectal cancer. In phase II trials, oxaliplatin combined with 5-FU, with or without leucovorin, was associated with response rates of 60% and higher when used as front-line therapy, and when used in patients with relapsed or refractory advanced colorectal cancer, response rates ranged from 25% to 50%. In the front-line setting, two randomized trials of 5-FU and leucovorin, with or without oxaliplatin, demonstrated that the addition of oxaliplatin significantly increases response rate and time to tumor progression, but not survival, over 5-FU plus leucovorin alone. The reasons for this discrepancy are unclear, and several possibilities are being considered. Additional phase III trials are underway to clarify the contribution of oxaliplatin in the treatment of patients with locally advanced and metastatic colorectal cancer. [ONCOLOGY 14(Suppl 11):9-14, 2000]

DNA Topoisomerase I-Targeting Drugs as Radiation Sensitizers

October 01, 1999

Combination chemoradiation, alone or as an adjuvant to surgery, has been shown to improve treatment outcomes in a number of human malignancies, but may be limited by normal tissue toxicities. A primary challenge in

Alternative Dosing Schedules for Irinotecan

August 01, 1998

Most of the clinical experience with irinotecan (CPT-11 [Camptosar]) has been with either a weekly or an every-3-week schedule. Recent phase I trials have explored new routes and schedules of administration. One approach

Clinical Experience With Gemcitabine in Pancreatic Carcinoma

November 01, 1997

For decades, pancreatic cancer has been one of the most difficult and frustrating cancers to treat. Despite the promising response rates achieved with a number of chemotherapeutic regimens evaluated in phase II trials in the 1970s and ’80s, no regimen proved superior to single-agent fluorouracil (5-FU) in terms of overall survival. As a result, some oncologists adopted a position of therapeutic nihilism and criticized what appeared to be futile attempts to identify effective therapy for patients with advanced-stage disease. Instead, they argued that clinical research efforts should focus on the development of adjuvant therapy for patients with earlier-stage disease.[1]

Disease Management: State of the Art in Pancreatic Cancer

September 01, 1996

During our medical training, we were often reminded that our purpose is not just to take care of a disease, but rather, to take care of the person with that disease. We learned that a patient's physical condition represents only one aspect of that disease

New Developments in Chemotherapy for Patients With Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

September 01, 1996

Alleviation of tumor-related symptoms may be a more appropriate basis for judging drug efficacy in pancreatic cancer than is tumor shrinkage. Clinical benefit response (CBR), a new