Jordan D. Berlin, MD | Authors

Treatment of Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: A Review

January 15, 2014

Gemcitabine monotherapy has been the standard of care for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer for several decades. Despite recent advances in various chemotherapeutic regimens and in the development of targeted therapies, metastatic pancreatic cancer remains highly resistant to chemotherapy.

Treatment of Early-Stage Pancreatic Cancer

February 16, 2011

Early trials of adjuvant therapy in pancreatic cancer had multiple limitations including small sample size, population heterogeneity, and inability to distinguish between components of combined modality treatment.

Adjuvant Therapy for Pancreatic Cancer: To Treat or Not To Treat?

May 01, 2007

Despite attempted curative resection of localized adenocarcinoma of the pancreas, most patients experience a recurrence and die of their disease. The Gastrointestinal Tumor Study Group, European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer, and European Study Group for Pancreatic Cancer trials have suggested the benefit of adjuvant therapy. However, the relatively few randomized trials available have not established a definite standard of care due to study limitations. Although these trials, and the recently published Charité Onkologie (CONKO)-001 trial, have shown a definite advantage of adjuvant chemotherapy, the most effective chemotherapy and the role of radiation therapy remain unclear. This review will discuss the data available from reported trials of adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapy in pancreatic cancer, address the issues leading to the ongoing controversies, and consider future directions for clinical trials.

Role of Octreotide in Pancreatic Cancer

September 01, 2002

Cancer of the pancreas is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Of the 28,000 patients diagnosed each year, more than 95% will die of pancreatic cancer. Therefore, the focus of therapy for most patients is palliative care. In fact, the most active single-agent therapy for advanced disease-gemcitabine (Gemzar)-was first compared to fluorouracil (5-FU) with relief of disease symptoms as a primary end point. However, the survival with gemcitabine remains approximately 6 months for advanced disease, and no new agent, either alone or in combination, has exceeded this time frame in phase III study.

Targeting Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Colorectal Cancer

August 01, 2002

Recent trials have established the IFL combination (fluorouracil [5-FU], leucovorin, and irinotecan [CPT-11, Camptosar]) as a new standard first-line therapy for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Median survival for such patients treated with IFL still ranges from approximately 14 to 18 months, however, underscoring the need for new agents with novel mechanisms of action.

Chemotherapy for Resectable and Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

October 01, 2001

This article will review the pertinent data on the use of chemotherapy for all stages of pancreatic cancer. For patients with metastatic disease, fluorouracil (5-FU) was the standard of care for several decades until a single

New Directions in the Treatment of Advanced Colorectal Cancer

March 02, 2001

As the chemotherapy horizons have expanded in colorectal cancer with development of oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) and irinotecan (CPT-11, Camptosar), so too have our approaches to therapy. Numerous immunotherapy and gene

Second-Line Therapy in Colorectal Cancer

December 01, 2000

Second-line therapy is a relatively newconcept for gastrointestinal oncologists. Although retreatment with fluorouracil