Charles D. Blanke, MD, FACP | Authors

Cancer Management Chapter 10: Gastric cancer

March 09, 2010

Gastric cancer is more common than esophageal cancer in Western countries but is less fatal. More than 21,130 new cases of gastric cancer will be diagnosed in the United States in the year 2009, with 10,620 deaths expected. Worldwide, gastric cancer represents approximately 930,000 new cases and accounts for more than 700,000 deaths. The incidence and mortality of gastric cancer have been declining in most developed countries, including the United States; the age-adjusted risk (world estimate) fell 5% from 1985 to 1990.

Perioperative Treatment of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

January 02, 2009

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) originate from the interstitial cells of Cajal or a precursor and are the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.[1] Although GISTs often present as localized masses, they are typified by a high risk of metastatic relapse, most commonly in the liver and peritoneum.

Commentary (Blanke)-Imatinib Mesylate: A Molecularly Targeted Therapy for Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

November 01, 2003

Molecularly targeted therapy isa hot topic in oncology, andthe development of imatinibmesylate (Gleevec) for gastrointestinalstromal tumors (GISTs) is one ofour best examples of the successfultranslation of basic science researchinto effective treatment of malignancy.Dr. Eisenberg has thoroughly researchedthe impetus for the use ofimatinib in GISTs and has methodicallyreviewed the results of severalcompleted trials. He broadly discussesmechanisms of resistance to the drugand talks about future directions inGIST research. Dr. Eisenberg has successfullycaptured much of the earlyexcitement surrounding the success ofimatinib, and he appropriately mentionsthe possibility of applying targetedtherapy to other solid tumors.

Irinotecan and Paclitaxel in Metastatic Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagus and Gastric Cardia

September 01, 2003

Both irinotecan (CPT-11, Camptosar) and paclitaxel have beenshown to have single-agent activity in adenocarcinomas of the esophagusand gastric cardia. A phase I trial of the combination at UCLAestablished the dose as irinotecan at 225 mg/m2 and paclitaxel at100 mg/m2 every 3 weeks. Preliminary data from a phase II trial of thisregimen in adenocarcinomas of the gastroesophageal junction showgood tolerability and promising activity (response rate of 27%), even inA previously treated patients.

Cancers of the Gallbladder and Biliary Ducts

July 01, 2002

Neoplasms of the biliary tract tree are uncommon and have a poor overall prognosis. Although numerous risk factors have been identified, little is known about the pathogenesis of these tumors, and no effective screening

Celecoxib With Chemotherapy in Colorectal Cancer

April 01, 2002

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is the enzyme that normally synthesizes prostaglandins during an inflammatory response.

The Role of UFT in Combined- Modality Therapy

October 01, 1999

Fluorinated pyrimidines have long been used as radiosensitizers in combined-modality therapy for solid tumors. Nonetheless, the most commonly used drug, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), is inconvenient to administer, particularly