ONCOLOGY Vol 19 No 13_Suppl_6 | Oncology

The Impact of Targeted Therapy on the Treatment of Colorectal Cancer

November 02, 2005

In the past several years, the impact of the new biologic therapies oncolorectal cancer has been dramatic. The focus of this article is to summarizesome of the key advances of incorporating biologically targetedtherapies into the routine management of patients with colorectal cancer.We will review important data presented at the 2005 American Society ofClinical Oncology annual meeting and discuss the incorporation of thesedata into the most optimal management of our patients, including howbest to manage side effects and keep quality of life as high as possible.

Cytotoxic Chemotherapy for Advanced Colorectal Cancer

November 02, 2005

Several developments in the past few years have incrementally progressedthe field and provided additional insights into the managementof advanced colorectal cancer. This review discusses the componentsof current cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens for advanced colorectalcancer: fluorouracil (5-FU), capecitabine (Xeloda), irinotecan(Camptosar), and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin). The equivalence of severalfront-line regimens has provided opportunities for increased tailoringof therapies for individual patients. Preliminary data onpharmacogenomics provides hope that we will be able to better matchpatients with regimens and doses on the basis of individualized predictionsof toxicity and response. The importance of second-line therapyin overall survival has again been highlighted; the best outcomes haveoccurred in patients treated with 5-FU, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan incombination with targeted therapies during the course of their disease.Elderly patients are no exception to this finding. Combination regimensand second-line therapy should be offered to elderly patients whohave adequate performance status and no contraindicated comorbidconditions, without regard for their chronological age.