Elderly High-Grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas: First Line VNCOP-B Regimen Experience in 350 Patients

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OncologyONCOLOGY Vol 13 No 3
Volume 13
Issue 3

Age is a risk factor and a prognostic parameter in elderly high-grade non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) patients. Several

 

Age is a risk factor and a prognostic parameter in elderly high-grade non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) patients. Several adapted chemotherapeutic regimens have recently been designed and tested in elderly patients. Several of these trials have shown that a percentage of older high-grade NHL patients can benefit from a specific and adequate treatment in terms of cure.

Between January 1992 and September 1997, 350 previously untreated patients 60 years and older with high-grade NHL (updated Kiel classification) were treated with the VNCOP-B regimen, a MACOP-B-like scheme, consisting of mitoxantrone, 10 mg/m², and cyclophosphamide, 300 mg/m², on weeks 1, 3, 5, and 7; vincristine, 2 mg total dose, on weeks 2, 4, 6, and 8; etoposide, 150 mg/m², on weeks 2 and 6; bleomycin, 10 mg/m², on weeks 4 and 8; and prednisone, 40 mg daily with dose tapering over the last 2 weeks (Haematologica 78:378, 1993).

Of the 350 patients, 202 (58%) obtained a complete response (CR) and 87 achieved a partial response (PR), but the remaining 61 patients did not respond to therapy. The overall response rate (CR + PR) was 83%; the CR rates for three age subgroups (60 to 69, 70 to 79, and ³ 80 years) were similar: 61%, 59%, and 56%, respectively. Clinical and hematologic toxicities were irrelevant because 71% of these patients utilized granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF, filgrastim [Neupogen]) (Blood 89:3974, 1997). At 5 years, the relapse-free survival rate was 65% and the overall survival rate was 62%.

In a multivariate analysis, prognostic factors associated with longer survival or longer relapse-free survival were: localized disease stage (P = .001) and good performance status (P = .0002). The application of the International Prognostic Factor Index was significantly associated with outcome (P = .001).

CONCLUSION: These data confirm, in a large cohort of patients, that the VNCOP-B regimen is effective in inducing a good CR with moderate toxic effects and in producing long-term relapse-free survival in elderly patients with high-grade NHL

.Click here for Dr. Bruce Cheson’s commentary on this abstract.

Articles in this issue

WHO Declares Lymphatic Mapping to Be the Standard of Care for Melanoma
Rituximab: Phase II Retreatment Study in Patients With Low-Grade or Follicular Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
Response Criteria for NHL: Importance of “Normal” Lymph Node Size and Correlations With Response
Chemotherapy Plus Radiation Improves Survival in Patients With Cervical Cancer
A Randomized Trial of Fludarabine, Mitoxantrone (FM) Versus Doxorubicin, Cyclophosphamide, Vindesine, Prednisone (CHEP) as First Line Treatment in Patients With Advanced Low-Grade Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: A Multicenter Study by GOELAMS Group
Navelbine Increased Elderly Lung Cancer Patients’ Survival
Fludarabine Versus Conventional CVP Chemotherapy in Newly C Diagnosed Patients With Stages III and IV Low-Grade Malignant Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma: Preliminary Results From a Prospective, Randomized Phase III Clinical Trial in 381 Patients
Multicenter, Phase III Study of Iodine-131 Tositumomab (Anti-B1 Antibody) for Chemotherapy-Refractory Low-Grade or Transformed Low-Grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
T-Cell–Depleted Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplant From HLA-Matched Sibling Donors for Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
Consensus Statement on Prevention and Early Diagnosis of Lung Cancer
In Vivo Purging and Adjuvant Immunotherapy With Rituximab During PBSC Transplant For NHL
Fludarabine and Cyclophosphamide: A Highly Active and Well-Tolerated Regimen for Patients With Previously Untreated Indolent Lymphomas
Campath-1H Monoclonal Antibody in Therapy for Advanced Low-Grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas: A Phase II Study
AIDS Drugs Effective Against Most Common HIV Strain
Rituximab Therapy in Previously Treated Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia: Preliminary Evidence of Activity
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