ONCOLOGY Vol 24 No 5 | Oncology

Use of Erlotinib or Gefitinib as Initial Therapy in Advanced NSCLC

April 30, 2010

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), such as erlotinib (Tarceva) and gefitinib (Iressa), have shown remarkable activity in a portion of patients with non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Personalized Medicine for Non–Small-Cell Lung Cancer

April 30, 2010

It is estimated that more than 1.5 million individuals in the United States will be diagnosed with cancer this year. Of these, nearly 145,000 will be diagnosed with non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

EGFR TKIs for Advanced NSCLC: Practical Questions

April 30, 2010

The review by Oxnard and Miller provides a thoughtful update on the use of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) gefitinib (Iressa) and erlotinib (Tarceva) as front-line therapy in patients with non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Optimizing Outcomes of Chemoradiation in the Management of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anal Canal

April 30, 2010

Dr. Fakih and colleagues provide a detailed and thoughtful review of the role of chemoradiation in anal cancer treatment. They have included a comprehensive description of the epidemiology and risk factors for the development of squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal, including the strong association with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and increased incidence in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals.

HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: Beyond Trastuzumab

April 30, 2010

This review explores the use of several such agents, including lapatinib (Tykerb), HSP90 inhibitors, T-DM1, and other tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Emerging data from trials of these agents indicate that the HER2 pathway remains a valid therapeutic target following disease progression on trastuzumab.