The Evolving Role of Cytoreductive Surgery for Metastatic Renal Cell CarcinomaMay 1st 2003
Metastatic renal cell carcinoma is a devastating disease associatedwith poor survival. Immunotherapy is the mainstay of treatment, butresponse rates are low. The role of cytoreductive surgery in thepresence of metastatic disease is evolving. From both retrospective andrecently published randomized clinical trials, it is now apparent thatamong patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma and good performancestatus, cytoreductive surgery followed by immunotherapy improvessurvival. However, this approach is likely to be detrimental inpatients with poor performance status. Clinical trials of novel agentsremain a priority in this disease.