Incorporation of PD-1 blockade into the treatment algorithms for hematologic malignancies is currently being pursued in multiple active clinical trials. Here we review the data on anti–PD-1 monoclonal antibodies to date and discuss ongoing and future clinical trials.
While the results of the multitude of ongoing PD-1 blockade trials are eagerly awaited, it is clear that research involving the immunotherapy of blood cancers is moving swiftly through this first “checkpoint” at breakneck speed. It is sure to be a fascinating ride.
Given the favorable results seen thus far, there is no doubt that the treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia is entering an exciting new era with the advent of these novel, relatively nontoxic and nonmyelosuppressive, oral agents.
Thanks to the efforts of the Prostate Cancer Foundation and Movember, men of good will (especially those inclined to grow mustaches and raise awareness and funds each year) and their physicians are newly energized to make progress.
Here we discuss the efficacy and safety of zoledronic acid, denosumab, enzalutamide, abiraterone, and radium-223 and review the available data regarding the cost of denosumab compared with that of zoledronic acid.