Virginia G. Kaklamani, MD, DSc | Authors




Commentary (Kaklamani/Gradishar): Adjuvant Hormonal Therapy in Early Breast Cancer

October 01, 2005

The use of adjuvant endocrinetherapy in early-stage breastcancer is thought to eradicatemicrometastatic disease that may leadto systemic recurrences. Until relativelyrecently, the standard adjuvantendocrine therapy option was tamoxifen.Data from the Early Breast CancerTrialists’ Collaborative Group(EBCTCG) overview analysis reporteda 50% reduction in the risk of relapseand a 28% reduction in the riskof death in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive patients treated with 5 yearsof tamoxifen.[1] This benefit was observedregardless of menopausal orlymph node status and whether or notpatients were receiving chemotherapy.There was no such benefit documentedin ER-negative cancersreceiving tamoxifen. Tamoxifen hasalso been associated with a 47% reductionin the risk of developing contralateralbreast cancer.[1]

Commentary (Kaklamani/O’Regan): Aromatase Inhibitors as Adjuvant Therapy in Breast Cancer

March 01, 2003

The use of aromatase inhibitorshas increased dramatically inthe past few years as a resultof the emergence of new, more specificagents, such as anastrozole(Arimidex), exemestane (Aromasin),and letrozole (Femara). This class ofagents effectively blocks the peripheralformation of estradiol, decreasingits concentration to less than 10%,while maintaining selectivity.[1]Evaluation of these selective aromataseinhibitors as adjuvant therapyfor early-stage breast cancer wasbased on the findings of trials inmetastatic breast cancer, summarizedby Visvanathan and Davidson, thatdemonstrated the equivalence and,in some cases, superiority of thearomatase inhibitors comparedwith megestrol and tamoxifen,including their superior side-effectprofile.[2-4]