Commentary (Pazdur): New Anticancer Agents in Clinical Development
November 01, 1995
The article by Eckardt et al reviews numerous anticancer drugs presently undergoing clinical development in the United States. These drugs have an array of biochemical targets. Some agents, such as the camptothecin analogs, represent a novel class of antineoplastic drugs. Other drugs, such as docetaxel (Taxotere), are analogs of currently available drugs (paclitaxel [Taxol]) [1,2]. Still other agents, such as thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibitors (eg, ZD1694 [Tomudex], AG-331, and LY231514) and 5-ethynyluracil, a uracil reductase inhibitor, have been designed prospectively to inhibit specific enzymatic pathways [3-5]. Some agents discussed have preliminary activity in refractory diseases, such as that of irinotecan (CPT-11) in fluorouracil-refractory colon carcinoma and that of docetaxel in cisplatin (Platinol)-refractory non-small-cell lung carcinoma, or show activity in diseases for which standard therapies are less than optimal.