Commentary on Abstracts #2984 and #2983

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Article
OncologyONCOLOGY Vol 13 No 3
Volume 13
Issue 3

High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem-cell support has clearly demonstrated efficacy in patients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin’s disease (Horning et al: Blood 89:801-813, 1997) and is probably superior to salvage chemotherapy in this setting (Yuen et al: Blood 89:814-822, 1997). Disease burden and chemosensitivity have been shown to be predictive of long-term outcome following the transplant. However, a clear advantage may be difficult to demonstrate because of late complications, including secondary malignancies, particularly acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) (Roberts et al, abstract #2984).

High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem-cell support has clearly demonstrated efficacy in patients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin’s disease (Horning et al: Blood 89:801-813, 1997) and is probably superior to salvage chemotherapy in this setting (Yuen et al: Blood 89:814-822, 1997). Disease burden and chemosensitivity have been shown to be predictive of long-term outcome following the transplant. However, a clear advantage may be difficult to demonstrate because of late complications, including secondary malignancies, particularly acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) (Roberts et al, abstract #2984).

The retrospective analysis presented by the City of Hope investigators (Nademanee et al, abstract #2983) suggested that the outcome of transplantation is best when performed during first remission. However, such an analysis is subject to selection bias and requires confirmation by prospective trials.

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Rituximab: Phase II Retreatment Study in Patients With Low-Grade or Follicular Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
Response Criteria for NHL: Importance of “Normal” Lymph Node Size and Correlations With Response
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A Randomized Trial of Fludarabine, Mitoxantrone (FM) Versus Doxorubicin, Cyclophosphamide, Vindesine, Prednisone (CHEP) as First Line Treatment in Patients With Advanced Low-Grade Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: A Multicenter Study by GOELAMS Group
Navelbine Increased Elderly Lung Cancer Patients’ Survival
Fludarabine Versus Conventional CVP Chemotherapy in Newly C Diagnosed Patients With Stages III and IV Low-Grade Malignant Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma: Preliminary Results From a Prospective, Randomized Phase III Clinical Trial in 381 Patients
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T-Cell–Depleted Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplant From HLA-Matched Sibling Donors for Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
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In Vivo Purging and Adjuvant Immunotherapy With Rituximab During PBSC Transplant For NHL
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