Commentary (Chung/Johnson): Targeting the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) promotes the growth of different cell types and has been implicated in tumorigenesis. The EGFR comprises a family of four structurally similar tyrosine kinases with a complex link to downstream signaling molecules that ultimately regulate key cell processes. Anti-EGFR agents have been developed as promising therapeutic anticancer targets, and some have been recently approved for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer and colon cancer. The two anti-EGFR therapies with the greatest clinical application are monoclonal antibodies that block the binding of ligands to EGFR and small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors that inhibit the binding of adenosine triphosphate to the internal tyrosine kinase receptor of EGFR. We attempt to give an overview of the EGFR function and biology, focusing on the most important clinical findings and applications of EGFR inhibitors in lung and head and neck cancer.
Commentary (Laskin/Johnson): Chemotherapy for Non–Small-Cell Lung Cancer
Drs. Novello and Le Chevalierhave produced a comprehensivesummary of a large numberof trials of chemotherapy for allstages of non–small-cell lung cancer(NSCLC). This is a broad subjectarea, constantly changing and rifewith controversy; selecting the keytrials with international relevance isno small feat. Nonetheless, the reviewhighlights many salient issuesin the treatment of lung cancer.
Gemcitabine for the Treatment of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer
Platinum-based chemotherapy regimens have been the mainstay of treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer because they improve survival. Although there is no standard platinum-based regimen, combination regimens with
Book Review: Textbook of Uncommon Cancer, Second Edition
The second edition of the Textbook of Uncommon Cancer is a useful resource for practicing oncologists who encounter unusual presentations of common tumors or esoteric subtypes of more common cancers. The text is laid out according to
Irinotecan: Summary and Future Directions
The quest for new, active chemotherapy regimens for lung cancer is an ongoing, dynamic process that has become more challenging in the past 10 years due to the increased number of "active" agents.
Weekly Irinotecan and Concurrent Radiation Therapy for Stage III Unresectable NSCLC
In preclinical studies, the topoisomerase I inhibitor irinotecan (Camptosar, CPT-11) has demonstrated activity as a radiosensitizer, probably due to its ability to inhibit potentially lethal radiation damage repair. We conducted a
Recent Advances With Chemotherapy for NSCLC: The ECOG Experience
Management of disseminated non-small-cell lung cancer has changed over the past 10 years. Newer agents, such as vinorelbine (Navelbine) and paclitaxel (Taxol), have been shown to modestly improve survival in patients with
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